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Hemophagocytic syndrome. Current concepts
Síndrome hemofagocítico. Conceptos actuales

Karla Adriana Espinosa Bautista, Pamela Garciadiego Fossas, Eucario León Rodríguez
Gaceta Médica de México  
Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis is a syndrome characterized by pathological immune activation that may occur as either a primary a familial disorder (associated with genetic mutations), or as a sporadic condition, associated to infections, malignancies or autoimmune diseases. The clinical picture is characterized by a disproportionate inflammation that causes fever, cytopenias, splenomegaly, bone marrow hemophagocytosis, hypertriglyceridemia and hypofibrinogenemia. Syndrome-related mortality
more » ... e-related mortality is high, so it is important to maintain a high index of suspicion and start early treatment with immunochemotherapy and bone marrow transplantation in primary and refractory cases. In this article, we review the clinical manifestations, pathology, diagnosis and treatment of these patients.
pmid:23999635 fatcat:3hovvzyelffqjkjysc2zgty6b4