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Complex constituencies: intense environmentalists and representation

Sarah E. Anderson
2011 Environmental Politics  
This paper fills a gap in the representation literature by assessing the role of an intensely interested subconstituency in determining the voting behavior of members of Congress. It quantifies the impact of environmentally-concerned constituents, as measured by original data on environmental group membership by district, on congressional voting. In general, members of Congress vote more pro-environmental when they have more intensely interested constituents in their districts. The paper also
more » ... s. The paper also tests predictions that members of the two parties will be differentially responsive to these constituents, finding that both Democrats and Republicans are responsive even though members of environmental groups are a traditionally Democratic constituency
doi:10.1080/09644016.2011.589579 fatcat:sjmdcnbn7zdhhn44j6vtszx3di