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From a collective to a free choice determiner in Biblical Hebrew [chapter]

Edit Doron
2020 Zenodo  
The paper is a diachronic study of the Hebrew universal determiner kol. In Biblical Hebrew (BH), kol was originally a noun meaning 'entirety' which grammaticalized as a collective determiner akin to all. Kol induces maximality, like the determiner all, but, unlike all, it is not quantificational, hence its maximality does not preclude homogeneity. Semantically, kol NP is interpreted as the plural property corresponding to NP. In argument position, the strongest interpretation of kol NP results
more » ... of kol NP results from the application of the definite type-shift (the iota type-shift). But within the scope of certain modals and in downward entailing environments, the indefinite type-shift (existential closure) yields a stronger interpretation. This results in the free choice (FC)/ negative polarity (NPI) any interpretation of kol in these environments. In post-Biblical times, the any interpretation evolved into the distributive interpretation every. The paper thus traces the development of kol's extensive meaning variation 'all/any/every'.
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3929237 fatcat:bayzr5wgh5clrf5lvjprkggt4m