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SHOULD THE DPD REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA BE PRESERVED?

Moh Ilham A Hamudy, M Saidi Rifky
2020 Journal of Government and Politics  
After the reform, amendments were made to the 1945 constitution. One of the fundamental amendments was the formation of the Regional Representatives Council (DPD), which complements the House of Representatives (DPR). However, DPD has many problems. The DPD never carried-out its task of doublechecking the legislation process. DPD membership is also connected with political parties. This study aimed to reexamine the need for the DPD and determine whether the DPD should be preserved or dissolved.
more » ... erved or dissolved. This study was limited and focused on the 2004-2019 period and used the literature study and the descriptive method in collecting relevant information. The approach used in this study was a qualitative approach, which was appropriate since the existence of DPD was considered to be multidimensional. The results of the study showed the importance of revitalizing the authority of the DPD. There were a significant gap and inequality of authority between the DPR and the DPD, which was not in line with the bicameral system in other countries. The DPD's affiliation with political parties was very strong, due to multiple interpretations of Law No. 7 of 2017 concerning Elections on the requirements for DPD membership. As such, it is very urgent to optimize the DPD role.The role of the DPD, as a channel for the region's political and economic aspirations and needs in the national policy, should be repositioned according to the demands of the law. However, if this role is not achieved, this nation should decide to dissolve the DPD. Of course, it should be conducted through a constitutional mechanism, via amendment of the 1945 Constitution. ABSTRAK Setelah reformasi, amandemen dibuat untuk konstitusi 1945. Salah satu dasar amandemen adalah pembentukan Dewan Perwakilan Daerah (DPD), yang melengkapi Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat (DPR). Namun, DPD memiliki banyak masalah. DPD tidak pernah melakukan tugasnya dalam double-checking proses legislasi. Keanggotaan DPD juga terhubung dengan partai politik. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji kembali kebutuhan akan DPD dan menentukan apakah DPD harus dilestarikan atau dibubarkan. Penelitian ini terbatas dan fokus pada periode 2004-2019 dan menggunakan studi literatur dan metode deskriptif dalam mengumpulkan informasi yang relevan. Pendekatan yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah pendekatan kualitatif, yang sesuai karena keberadaan DPD dianggap multidimensi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan pentingnya revitalisasi kewenangan DPD. Ada kesenjangan yang signifikan dan ketimpangan kewenangan antara DPR dan DPD, yang tidak sejalan dengan sistem bikameral di
doi:10.18196/jgp.112118 fatcat:o6apzclluzfkfkgq4j3zsime24