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Erythroid membrane-bound protein kinase binds to a membrane component and is regulated by phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate

C E Bazenet, J L Brockman, D Lewis, C Chan, R A Anderson
1990 Journal of Biological Chemistry  
In the erythrocyte, a membrane-bound serine/threonine protein kinase (a casein kinase) has been shown to phosphorylate a number of membrane proteins, modulating their function. Here we report that the membrane-bound protein kinase binds to membranes by an association with a minor membrane component contained in preparations of glycophorin (possibly a minor glycophorin). The binding of the kinase to glycophorins does not significantly modify kinase activity. However, upon binding, the kinase
more » ... ing, the kinase activity is potently inhibited by phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate, and the affinity of the kinase for the glycophorins is increased. Other phospholipids or polyanions such as inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate or 2,3-diphosphoglycerate do not affect protein kinase activity when the kinase is bound to membranes but do inhibit the solubilized membrane-bound kinase. In the erythrocyte, there is a cytosolic form of the casein kinase which is very similar, having the same molecular weight and substrate specificity as the membrane-bound casein kinase. The cytosolic casein kinase is inhibited by 2,3-diphosphoglycerate but much less so by glycophorin preparations containing phosphoinositol 4,5-bisphosphate. When the sequences of both casein kinases were compared by two-dimensional peptide mapping, it was found that the two kinases were very similar but not identical.
pmid:2158999 fatcat:6cmeju2ogvfo7cgvpkyuh2iqzi