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SPECTROPHOTOMETER ANALYSIS OF CAD-CAM ZIRCONIA REINFORCED LITHIUM SILICATE AND LITHIUM DISILICATE GLASS CERAMICS

Sherine A. Saad, Yousreya A. Shalaby, Amir S. Azer, Fatma M. El-Sharkawy
2019 Alexandria dental journal : ADJ  
INTRODUCTION: Matching dental ceramic translucency is the optimal esthetic goal in restorative dentistry. Several types of ceramics evolved over the years in an attempt to optimize physical mechanical and optical properties of the previous types. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to compare and analyze light transmission, light reflection and light absorption of high translucency zirconia reinforced lithium silicate ceramic, low translucency zirconia reinforced lithium silicate ceramic, high
more » ... icate ceramic, high translucency lithium disilicate glass-ceramic and low translucency lithium disilicate glass-ceramic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Serial cutting of the E.max cad and Vita suprinity blocks was done using isomet 4000 micro-saw microtome. Ten ceramic specimens were obtained for each material, 5 of which were 1.5 mm thick and the other 5 were 1 mm thick to be veneered by 0.5 mm of the corresponding veneering material according to manufacturer's instruction. Spectrophotometric analysis was carried out for the forty ceramic specimens. RESULTS: Light transmission for the four groups of zirconia reinforced lithium silicate was significantly higher than their corresponding groups of lithium disilicate (p<0.005). Light reflection and light absorption for the four groups of zirconia reinforced lithium silicate was significantly lower than their corresponding groups of lithium disilicate (p<0.005). Veneering increased light transmission and light reflection however it decreased light absorption for both materials significantly. CONCLUSIONS: Translucency of zirconia reinforced lithium silicate is better than lithium disilicate. Veneering improved optical properties for both zirconia reinforced lithium silicate and lithium disilicate. KEYWORDS: Spectrophotometer, translucency, zirconia reinforced lithium silicate, lithium disilicate. ----------------------------------------------------------------
doi:10.21608/adjalexu.2019.63558 fatcat:nfdg3rllc5as7ofkpxaux47v4e