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Deinstitutionalization of People With Developmental Disabilities: A Review of the Literature

Raymond A. Lemay
2009 Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health / Revue Canadienne de Santé Mentale Communautaire  
Ontario has recently closed its last 3 institutions for persons with developmental disabilities. Very little research has been conducted on Canadian deinstitutionalization projects, and the impacts and bona fides of such endeavours have not been well documented in Canada. However, the closing of institutions has occurred in most Western jurisdictions and has been the subject of much research in Australia, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Although community services are of variable
more » ... are of variable quality, this literature review suggests that the Ontario plan to close institutional facilities in favour of community-based residential services will be of general benefit to former institutional residents.
doi:10.7870/cjcmh-2009-0014 fatcat:2fjuy3n4a5aq7e4eypfmfwcooe