Development of a biodegradable microcarrier for the cultivation of human adipose stem cells (hASCs) with a defined xeno- and serum-free medium
Stirred single-use bioreactors in combination with microcarriers (MCs) have established themselves as a technology that has the potential to meet the demands of current and future cell therapeutic markets. However, most of the published processes have been performed using fetal bovine serum (FBS) containing cell culture medium and non-biocompatible MCs. This approach has two significant drawbacks: firstly, the inevitable potential risks associated with the use of FBS for clinical applications;
... ical applications; secondly, non-biocompatible MCs have to be removed from the cell suspension before implantation, requiring a step that causes loss of viable cells and adds further costs and complications. This study aimed to develop a new platform based on a chemically defined xeno-and serum-free cell culture medium and biodegradable MC that can support the growth of human adipose stem cells (hASCs) while still preserving their undifferentiated status. A specific combination of components and manufacturing parameters resulted in a MC prototype, called "BR44", which delivered the desired functionality. MC BR44 allows the hASCs to stick to its surface and grow in a chemically defined xeno-and serum-free medium (UrSuppe). Although the cells' expansion rate was not as high as with a commercial non-biodegradable standard MC, those cultured on BR44 maintained a better undifferentiated status in both static and dynamic conditions than those cultured on traditional 2D surfaces. Keywords: xeno-and serum-free cell culture medium; UrSuppe; bioresorbable/biodegradable microcarrier (MC), human adipose stem cells (hASCs) Citation: Muoio, F.; Panella, S.; Lindner, M.; Jossen, V.; Harder, Y.; Moccetti, T.; Eibl, R.; Müller, M.; Tallone, T. Development of a Biodegradable Microcarrier for the Cultivation of Human Adipose Stem Cells (hASCs) with a Defined Xenoand Serum-Free Medium. Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 925. https://doi.