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The Occurrence of Salmonella, Senftenberg Type, in a Disease of Turkeys1

Philip R. Edwards
1937 Journal of Bacteriology  
In June, 1936, the writer received from Dr. J. J. Black two cultures isolated from young poults. Dr. Black stated that the livers of the turkeys from which the cultures were isolated were icteric and there was some distention of the ureters with urates. Some of the birds in the flock were affected with a derangement of the hock joint which caused the foot to turn outward. The mortality did not exceed 10 per cent of the flock. Examination of the cultures revealed that they were composed of
more » ... e composed of motile bacilli which possessed the cultural and biochemical characteristics generally attributed to the genus Salmonella. Glucose, trehalose, arabinose, rhamnose, xylose, sorbitol and dulcitol were fermented with the formation of acid and gas. Lactose, sucrose and inositol were not attacked. Hydrogen sulfide was formed and there was a prompt production of acid in tartrate agar. Agglutination tests with alcohol-treated suspensions showed that the organisms were agglutinated to one-half the titer of a serum for the London type and to the full titer of a serum derived from the Senftenberg type. Absorption tests revealed that the organisms were capable of effecting a complete removal of somatic agglutinins from Senftenberg serum but that they left a considerable residue of unabsorbed agglutinins for Salmonella 1 The investigation reported in this paper is in connection with a project of the Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station and is published by permission of the Director. 193 on May 8, 2020 by guest
doi:10.1128/jb.33.2.193-195.1937 fatcat:cwv554bxqrfn3obblx4gtoclme