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Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio and Symptomatic Hemorrhagic Transformation in Ischemic Stroke Patients Undergoing Revascularization

Milena Świtońska, Natalia Piekuś-Słomka, Artur Słomka, Paweł Sokal, Ewa Żekanowska, Simona Lattanzi
2020 Brain Sciences  
Objectives: Symptomatic hemorrhagic transformation (sHT) is a life-threatening complication of acute ischemic stroke (AIS). The early identification of the patients at increased risk of sHT can have clinically relevant implications. The aim of this study was to explore the validity and accuracy of the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in predicting sHT in patients with AIS undergoing revascularization. Methods: Consecutive patients hospitalized for AIS who underwent intravenous thrombolysis,
more » ... enous thrombolysis, mechanical thrombectomy or both were identified. The NLR values were estimated at admission. The study endpoint was the occurrence of sHT within 24 h from stroke treatment. Results: Fifty-one patients with AIS were included, with a median age of 67 (interquartile range, 55–78) years. sHT occurred in 10 (19.6%) patients. Patients who developed sHT had higher NLR at admission. NLR was an independent predictor of sHT and showed good discriminatory power (area under the curve 0.81). In a multivariable analysis, NLR and systolic blood pressure were independently associated with sHT. Conclusions: NLR at admission can accurately predict sHT in patients with AIS undergoing revascularization.
doi:10.3390/brainsci10110771 pmid:33114150 fatcat:l4yynjeenvfsxiuwanfpg7igpm