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Distribution of Pectobacterium Species Isolated in South Korea and Comparison of Temperature Effects on Pathogenicity

Samnyu Jee, Jang-Gyu Choi, Young-Gyu Lee, Min Kwon, Ingyu Hwang, Sunggi Heu
2020 The Plant Pathology Journal  
Pectobacterium, which causes soft rot disease, is divided into 18 species based on the current classification. A total of 225 Pectobacterium strains were isolated from 10 main cultivation regions of potato (Solanum tuberosum), napa cabbage (Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis), and radish (Raphanus sativus) in South Korea; 202 isolates (90%) were from potato, 18 from napa cabbage, and five from radish. Strains were identified using the Biolog test and phylogenetic analysis. The pathogenicity and
more » ... athogenicity and swimming motility were tested at four different temperatures. Pectolytic activity and plant cell-wall degrading enzyme (PCWDE) activity were evaluated for six species (P. carotovorum subsp. carotovorum, Pcc; P. odoriferum, Pod; P. brasiliense, Pbr; P. versatile, Pve; P. polaris, Ppo; P. parmentieri, Ppa). Pod, Pcc, Pbr, and Pve were the most prevalent species. Although P. atrosepticum is a widespread pathogen in other countries, it was not found here. This is the first report of Ppo, Ppa, and Pve in South Korea. Pectobacterium species showed stronger activity at 28°C and 32°C than at 24°C, and showed weak activity at 37°C. Pectolytic activity decreased with increasing temperature. Activity of pec-tate lyase was not significantly affected by temperature. Activity of protease, cellulase, and polygalacturonase decreased with increasing temperature. The inability of isolated Pectobacterium to soften host tissues at 37°C may be a consequence of decreased motility and PC-WDE activity. These data suggest that future increases in temperature as a result of climate change may affect the population dynamics of Pectobacterium.
doi:10.5423/ppj.oa.09.2019.0235 fatcat:n3pfly3qqvdvrmulraycd6yojy