Psychometric Analysis of the Abdominal Score From the Diary for Irritable Bowel Syndrome Symptoms–Constipation Using Phase IIb Clinical Trial Data
Value in Health
The Diary for Irritable Bowel Syndrome Symptoms-Constipation (DIBSS-C) has been developed to assess the core signs and symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome with constipation (IBS-C). This article presents the psychometric evaluation of the DIBSS-C abdominal score. Data for these analyses are from a multicenter phase IIb study in IBS-C patients (NCT02559206). Subjects completed a number of assessments via handheld electronic diary throughout the study. The analyses used the intent-to-treat
... tent-to-treat population and were blinded to randomized treatment group. The analyses evaluated the reliability, validity, and responsiveness of the DIBSS-C abdominal score; identified an appropriate scoring algorithm; and determined thresholds for interpreting clinically meaningful changes at the individual level. The correlations between the DIBSS-C abdominal symptom items (ie, abdominal pain, discomfort, and bloating) were strong (>0.75). Cronbach's alpha for the abdominal symptom severity items was very strong (.94), indicating that the 3 abdominal symptom items produce a reliable score. The intraclass correlation coefficient for the abdominal score was 0.82, exceeding the threshold of 0.70 and indicating good test-retest reliability. Guyatt's responsiveness statistic values all exceeded the threshold for a large effect of 0.80, so the DIBSS-C abdominal score can be considered highly responsive to change. Triangulation across 3 sets of anchor-based analyses indicated that a threshold of -2.0 points on the abdominal score is an appropriate threshold for identifying meaningful change. Overall, this study provides evidence that the DIBSS-C abdominal score is valid, reliable, responsive to change, and interpretable for assessing treatment benefit in patients with IBS-C.