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Handwriting: Three-Dimensional Kinetic Synergies in Circle Drawing Movements

Alexander W. Hooke, Sohit Karol, Jaebum Park, Yoon Hyuk Kim, Jae Kun Shim
2012 Motor Control  
The purpose of this study was to investigate central nervous system (CNS) strategies for controlling multifinger forces during a circle-drawing task. Subjects drew 30 concentric, discontinuous clockwise and counter clockwise circles, at self and experimenter-set paces. The three-dimensional trajectory of the pen's center of mass and the three-dimensional forces and moments of force at each contact between the hand and the pen were recorded. Uncontrolled Manifold Analysis was used to quantify
more » ... used to quantify the synergies between pen-hand contact forces in radial, tangential and vertical directions. Results showed that synergies in the radial and tangential components were significantly stronger than in the vertical component. Synergies in the clockwise direction were significantly stronger than the counterclockwise direction in the radial and vertical components. Pace was found to be insignificant under any condition.
doi:10.1123/mcj.16.3.329 pmid:22643028 fatcat:3nld2aid4fgonomq7hyr7i56lm