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Improvement of a Specific Culture Medium Based on Industrial Glucose for Carotenoid Production by Xanthophyllomyces dendrorhous

Alejandro Torres-Haro, Anne Gschaedler, Juan C. Mateos-Díaz, Enrique J. Herrera-López, Rosa M. Camacho-Ruíz, Melchor Arellano-Plaza
2021 Processes  
In this study, a low-cost chemically defined (CD) culture medium was proposed and evaluated with the aim of replacing culture media such as yeast mold (YM) and yeast peptone dextrose (YPD), commonly used for growth and carotenoid production by Xanthophyllomyces dendrorhous. Initially, the CD culture medium was compared to the YM and YPD. The growth in optical density (OD) and carotenoid production (mg/L) of the cultures reached 4.88, 6.76, 5.79, and 0.67, 0.92, and 0.69, respectively. The CD
more » ... ectively. The CD culture served as the basis of an improved specific culture medium containing industrial glucose. Additionally, in this new formulation, vitamins, glutamate, and other compounds were evaluated. Industrial glucose more than doubled carotenoid production; however, the addition of vitamins was not essential for X. dendrorhous cultivation. Moreover, glutamate and Na2HPO4 proved to be highly significant factors (p-value < 0.05), increasing carotenoid biosynthesis from 0.67 to 1.33 mg/L. The specific culture was successfully used in a bioreactor at 2 L and 110 L pilot-scale levels, increasing carotenoid production up to 2 mg/L. It was demonstrated that the CD-specific culture medium is an efficient alternative to conventional culture media to carry out carotenoid production at the laboratory and pilot levels, with promising potential for industrial scaling.
doi:10.3390/pr9030429 fatcat:2juo7fdx6ncfheedjrv4xpmjxq