MiR-496 Inhibits the Proliferation Through Targeting LYN and AKT/mTOR Signaling Pathway in Gastric Cancer
MiRNA operates as a tumor suppressor or carcinogen to regulate cell proliferation, metastasis, invasion, differentiation, apoptosis and metabolic process. In the present research, we investigated the effect and mechanism of miR496 in human gastric cancer cells. Cell proliferation was measured by CCK8 and clonogenic assay. Transwell test was performed to detect cell migration and invasion. Flow cytometry analysis was used to evaluate cell apoptosis. Bioinformatics software targetscan was used
... getscan was used for the screening of miR-496's target gene. MiR-496 was down regulated in three gastric cancer cell lines, SGC-790, AGS and MKN45 compared with normal gastric epithelial cell line GES-1. MiR-496 mimics inhibited the proliferation of AGS cells after the transfection for 48 h and 72 h. The migration and invasion of AGS cells were also inhibited by the transfection of miR-496 mimics. In addition, miR-496 mimics induced the apoptosis through up regulating the levels of Bax and Active Caspase3 and down regulating the levels of Bcl-2 and Total Caspase3. Bioinformatics analysis showed that there was a binding site between miR-496 and LYN kinase (LYN). MiR-496 mimics could inhibit the expression of LYN in AGS cells. The overexpression of LYN blocked the inhibition of tumor cell growth, as well as the inhibition of AKT/mTOR signaling pathway induced by miR-496 in gastric cancer cells. In conclusion, miR-496 inhibited the proliferation through the AKT/mTOR signaling pathway via targeting LYN in gastric cancer cells. Our research provides a new potential target for clinical diagnosis and targeted treatment of gastric cancer.