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Dynamics and kinetics of natural killer cell cytotoxicity in human malaria as evaluated by a novel stepwise cytotoxicity assay

Fátima Ribeiro-Dias, Carlos Eduardo Tosta
2006 Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical  
Malaria causes important functional alterations of the immune system, but several of them are poorly defined. To evaluate thoroughly the natural killer cell cytotoxicity in patients with malaria, we developed a technique capable to assess both the dynamics and the kinetics of the process. For the kinetics assay, human peripheral blood mononuclear cells were previously incubated with K562 cells and kept in agarose medium, while for the dynamics assay both cells were maintained in suspension. NK
more » ... in suspension. NK activity from patients with vivax malaria presented a kinetics profile faster than those with falciparum malaria. NK cytotoxicity positively correlated with parasitemia in falciparum malaria. The dynamics of NK cytotoxicity of healthy individuals was elevated at the beginning of the process and then significantly decreased. In contrast, malaria patients presented successive peaks of NK activity. Our results confirmed the occurrence of alteration in NK cell function during malaria, and added new data about the NK cytotoxicity process.
doi:10.1590/s0037-86822006000400008 pmid:17119751 fatcat:vwrbhj32svayncn3mbjo3wjpqa