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Effects of perinatal stroke on striatal amino acid efflux in rats studied with in vivo microdialysis

K E Gordon, J Simpson, D Statman, F S Silverstein
1991 Stroke  
We used in vivo microdialysis to determine the impact of a focal hypoxic-ischemic insult on striatal amino acid efflux in the immature brain. Microdialysis probes were inserted into the right striatum of postnatal day 7 rats. To induce hypoxic-ischemic injury, the right carotid artery was ligated and the animals were exposed to 8% oxygen for 2.5 hours (n=22). Rats exposed to ligation alone (n=10) or hypoxia alone (n=8) and untreated controls (n=17) were also studied. Two hours after probe
more » ... s after probe insertion, a 30-minute baseline microdialysis sample was obtained. After arterial ligation, two additional baseline samples were collected. Five more samples were collected over the next 2.5 hours (in 8% oxygen or room air). Eight amino acids (glutamate, aspartate, taurine, glutamine, alanine, serine, glycine, and asparagine) were consistently detected in dialysates using a high-performance liquid chromatography assay with electrochemical detection. In untreated controls, amino acid efflux did not change over 4 hours. During hypoxia-ischemia, efflux values fluctuated widely, with marked intra-animal and interanimal variability. Efflux peaks for each amino acid were denned as values greater than the highest control mean value plus two standard deviations. Glutamate efflux peaks (>7 pmol/min compared with 2 pmol/min at baseline) were detected in no controls and in eight hypoxic-ischemic rats (p=0.006, Fisher's two-tailed exact test). Taurine efflux peaks (>75 pmol/min compared with 10 pmol/min for controls at baseline) were detected in 10 hypoxicischemic rats and one control (/>=0.01) and in seven of the eight animals in which glutamate efflux peaks occurred (p=0.006). Alanine efflux rose markedly in both hypoxic and hypoxicischemic animals. In this model of perinatal hypoxic-ischemic brain injury, transient large increases in glutamate and taurine efflux were detected during the acute evolution of injury, and patterns of amino acid efflux differed considerably from findings in stroke models in mature brain. (Stroke 1991;22:928-932) From the
doi:10.1161/01.str.22.7.928 pmid:1853413 fatcat:xgoptjfpg5f5xh5imk7nb4cf2u