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J/ψ and ψ(2S) production at forward rapidity in p+p collisions at s=510 GeV

U. A. Acharya, A. Adare, C. Aidala, N. N. Ajitanand, Y. Akiba, R. Akimoto, M. Alfred, N. Apadula, Y. Aramaki, H. Asano, E. T. Atomssa, T. C. Awes (+349 others)
2020 Physical Review D  
The PHENIX experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider has measured the differential cross section, mean transverse momentum, mean transverse momentum squared of inclusive $J/\psi$ and cross-section ratio of $\psi(2S)$ to $J/\psi$ at forward rapidity in \pp collisions at \sqrts = 510 GeV via the dimuon decay channel. Comparison is made to inclusive $J/\psi$ cross sections measured at \sqrts = 200 GeV and 2.76--13 TeV. The result is also compared to leading-order nonrelativistic QCD
more » ... tivistic QCD calculations coupled to a color-glass-condensate description of the low-$x$ gluons in the proton at low transverse momentum ($p_T$) and to next-to-leading order nonrelativistic QCD calculations for the rest of the $p_T$ range. These calculations overestimate the data at low $p_T$. While consistent with the data within uncertainties above $\approx3$ GeV/$c$, the calculations are systematically below the data. The total cross section times the branching ratio is BR $d\sigma^{J/\psi}_{pp}/dy (1.2<|y|<2.2, 0<p_T<10~\mbox{GeV/$c$}) =$ 54.3 $\pm$ 0.5 (stat) $\pm$ 5.5 (syst) nb.
doi:10.1103/physrevd.101.052006 fatcat:avtpj3vh2zh7vcuqh3wf32k2ma