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Family Planning in Zambia: An Investment Pillar for Economic Development

Michael T. Mbizvo, Nicole Bellows, Joseph G. Rosen, Stephen Mupeta, Chisha A. Mwiche, Ben Bellows
2020 Gates Open Research  
Family planning represents a 'best buy' in global efforts to achieve sustainable development and attain improvements in sexual and reproductive health. By meeting contraceptive needs of all women, significant public health impact and development gains accrue. At the same time, governments face the complex challenge of allocating finite resources to competing priorities, each of which presents known and unknown challenges and opportunities. Zambia has experienced a slow but steady increase in
more » ... eady increase in contraceptive prevalence, with slight decline in total fertility rate (TFR), over the past 20 years. Drawing from the Zambian context, including a review of current policy solutions, we present a case for making investments in voluntary family planning (FP), underpinned by a human rights framework, as a pillar for accelerating development and socio-economic advancement. Through multilevel interventions aimed at averting unintended pregnancies, Zambia – and other low- and middle-income countries – can reduce their age dependency ratios and harness economic growth opportunities awarded by the demographic dividend while improving the health and quality of life of the population.
doi:10.12688/gatesopenres.12989.2 fatcat:m76tbokj3zcw5ozbgjrkv2nfuu