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Spinal V2b neurons reveal a role for ipsilateral inhibition in speed control [article]

Rebecca A. Callahan, Richard Roberts, Mohini Sengupta, Yukiko Kimura, Shin-ichi Higashijima, Martha W. Bagnall
2019 biorxiv/medrxiv   pre-print
The spinal cord contains a diverse array of interneurons that govern motor output. Traditionally, models of spinal circuits have emphasized the role of inhibition in enforcing reciprocal alternation between left and right sides or flexors and extensors. However, recent work has shown that inhibition also increases coincident with excitation during contraction. Here, using larval zebrafish, we investigate the V2b (Gata3+) class of neurons, which contribute to flexor-extensor alternation but are
more » ... lternation but are otherwise poorly understood. Using newly generated transgenic lines we define two stable subclasses with distinct neurotransmitter and morphological properties. These two V2b subclasses make direct synapses onto motor neurons with differential targeting to slower and faster circuits. In vivo, optogenetic suppression of V2b activity leads to increases in locomotor speed. We conclude that V2b neurons exert speed-specific influence over axial motor circuits throughout the rostrocaudal axis. Together, these results indicate a new role for ipsilateral inhibition in speed control.
doi:10.1101/615906 fatcat:6bzjstq7vvbfrnhp47ybrulqxq