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Second law for transitions between nonequilibrium steady states

G. Baris Bagci, Ugur Tirnakli, Juergen Kurths
2013 Physical Review E  
We show that the system entropy change for the transitions between nonequilibrium steady states arbitrarily far from equilibrium for any constituting process is given by the relative entropy of the distributions of these steady states. This expression is then shown to relate to the dissipation relations of both S. Vaikuntanathan and C. Jarzynski [Europhys. Lett. 87, 60005 (2009)] and R. Kawai et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 080602 (2007)] in the case of energy-conserving driving.
doi:10.1103/physreve.87.032161 fatcat:f7g5o7inwzfdxiscply4y33ivu