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Notes and Opinions

1899 The Biblical World  
tests the real worth of Harnack's statements in his preface as to the " reactionary" character of his work. Professor Smith finds "two Harnacks, one speaking in the preface, one reasoning in the volume itself, and these in no wise resemble each other." After a careful study of the work he finds that "the great theologian's work has no comfort for tradition." This is a little too strong a statement, but, as we have previously pointed out, it is not more misleading than its opposite. One thing we
more » ... osite. One thing we can rely uponthe more the New Testament is studied, the more does it justify faith in Jesus Christ. Paul as the Originator of a Sociological Theory.-A somewhat unexpected appeal to Paul as a sociologist was made by Professor F. H. Giddings in the annual address before the American Academy of Political and Social Science. As reported in the July number of the Annals of the society, his position was as follows: It was necessary for Paul to find a psychological fact or principle of social organization which should be also universal. This social fact was that of likemindedness. Over and over again in his epistles he forces this fact upon the attention of his readers, and warns them to give heed to it. The texts to which appeal is made for such a position are: "Be of the same mind one towards another;" "Speak the same thing;" "Be perfected together in the same mind and in the same judgment;" "Stand fast in one spirit, with one soul;" "Be of the same mind, having the same love, being of one accord." Paul, Professor Giddings thinks, derived this idea from the Greeks, but was the first to single it out as the all-essential fact to be remembered in the development of any plan of social organization. Is, then, Paul among the sociologistsnot merely religious reformers, but sociologists ? And was his sociology that of Professor Giddings himself? And did he, like Professor Giddings, regard society at "any number of like-minded individuals, who know and enjoy their Ii6
doi:10.1086/472405 fatcat:whsethe5efgevbi6zgx34shvum