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Main Values of Toba Muslim Batak Culture in Moral Education Perspective

Muhammad Abrar Parinduri, Abdul Karim, Hana Lestari
2020 Karsa: The journal of Social and Islamic Culture  
Islamic education has the primary goal of forming morals in order to fulfill things that are material and spiritual. This study emphasized the importance of learning science through education, especially those related to noble character, or better known as moral education. The novelty of this research is courses taught at PTAI to have a noble moral education content. This research used a library research approach. Besides, this study conducted data collection techniques by examining books,
more » ... amining books, journals, literature, notes, and report variants related to the problem being solved. The results show that the main values of the Toba Batak culture include: kinship, hagabeon, hasangapon (glory, authority, and charisma). Main value is hamoraon or wealthy, hamajuon, or progress, protection, arsisarian, or mutual understanding. We also concluded that there is no difference in the main cultural values of the Christian and Muslim Toba Batak people. | 122 [Pendidikan Islam memiliki tujuan utama membentuk moral untuk memenuhi hal-hal yang material dan spiritual. Penelitian ini menekankan pentingnya mempelajari sains melalui pendidikan, terutama yang berkaitan dengan moral mulia, atau yang lebih dikenal dengan pendidikan moral. Kebaruan dari penelitian ini yaitu pengajaran yang diajarkan di PTAI untuk memiliki konten pendidikan moral yang mulia. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan penelitian kepustakaan. Selain itu, penelitian ini melakukan teknik pengumpulan data dengan memeriksa buku, jurnal, literatur, catatan, dan varian laporan terkait dengan masalah yang sedang dipecahkan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa nilai-nilai utama budaya Batak Toba meliputi: kekerabatan, hagabeon, hasangapon (kemuliaan, otoritas, dan karisma). Nilai utama yaitu hamoraon atau kaya, hamajuon, atau kemajuan, perlindungan, arsisarian, atau saling pengertian. Peneliti juga menyimpulkan bahwa tidak ada perbedaan dalam nilai-nilai budaya utama orang-orang Batak Toba antara yang beragama Kristen dan Islam.] | 123 the morals and souls of students, instills a sense of virtue, accustoms high politeness, and prepares them for a holy life that is entirely sincere and honest. 3 The moral of children, in this case, learners, are very influenced by the surrounding environment, especially parents and teachers as qudwah for children. Children will quickly imitate the behavior of those around them because it is a natural process at every stage of human development. In the process, the children's experience in interacting with adult behavior is learning for them to respond to a stimulus they receive from the environment so that it will eventually shape their personality, including their morals. As expressed by Ali Abdul Halim Mahmud, morality is an inherent quality in human beings from which actions are born easily and lightly without the need to think and reflect. 4 In the end, morals will be called good if out of these characters are born good deeds in accordance with the norms of society and shari'a. However, morals can be said to be not good if bad deeds are born from them, then the character is called bad morals. Along with the pace of development of modernization and globalization, more and more behaviors are appearing in society and tend to lead to a moral crisis. It can be seen from the rise of students involved in brawls, drunkenness, gambling, drug abuse, persecution, and even murder cases. Ethical blindness, loss of self-confidence, and growing frustration that befell the younger generation are as evidenced by the emergence of negative communities among adolescents. Besides, there has also been a shift in social and ethical values in society, which can be marked by the development of utterly free culture, free to get along between men and women, free to do without limits, and so on, as some examples of cases below. One of the news in the media a few years ago revealed the blurred record of the moral crisis of the younger generation. As quoted in the Yogyakarta Post daily, it reported the death of students in Pekalongan due to over-dose dextromethorphan pills or better known as dextro. This event shows that the younger generation has experienced a severe moral emergency that 3 M.
doi:10.19105/karsa.v28i1.2567 fatcat:aigtuijxl5e6dflxthdqa3fozm