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Philosophizing in Russia: Dynamics in the Socio-Cultural Context

Vladimir I. Krasikov
2015 Journal of Siberian Federal University  
This paper analyzes the main stages and vicissitudes of the evolution of different forms of Russian philosophizing throughout last two centuries in the changing socio-cultural context. The author enlists characteristics of the environment and factors forming community of intellectuals, the first philosophical "crystallized" circles in the early 19 th century. Specificity of philosophizing is considered in terms of three different intellectual niches in Russian society of that time, namely
more » ... time, namely university, spiritual and academic and so-called free (journalistic-publishing community). The main attention is devoted to the analysis of the dynamics of the latter: formation of major dispositions in the field of intellectual focus -Slavophiles and Westernizers, radicalism of 1850-60s; the years of Foundation -writings by Dostoevsky, Tolstoy and Solovyov; clashes of the early 20 th century; origin Soviet philosophy and its emasculation and the revival of philosophical tradition in 1950-70s; the collapse of ideology and reception in the end of the 20 th century.
doi:10.17516/1997-1370-2015-8-1-64-76 fatcat:bymwcylyergnvdqgtjmp2glqoq