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Extracting an entangled photon pair from collectively decohered pairs at a telecommunication wavelength

Yoshiaki Tsujimoto, Yukihiro Sugiura, Makoto Ando, Daisuke Katsuse, Rikizo Ikuta, Takashi Yamamoto, Masato Koashi, Nobuyuki Imoto
2015 Optics Express  
We experimentally demonstrated entanglement extraction scheme by using photons at the telecommunication band for optical-fiber-based quantum communications. We generated two pairs of non-degenerate polarization entangled photons at 780~nm and 1551~nm by spontaneous parametric down-conversion and distributed the two photons at 1551~nm through a collective phase damping channel which gives the same amount of random phase shift on the two photons. Through local operation and classical
more » ... ssical communication, we extracted an entangled photon pair from two phase-disturbed photon pairs. An observed fidelity of the extracted photon pair to a maximally entangled photon pair was 0.73 $\pm$ 0.07 which clearly shows the recovery of entanglement.
doi:10.1364/oe.23.013545 pmid:26074602 fatcat:h22bufzsmrefjgfek6ful2e3vi