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High-Performance Asymmetric Supercapacitors Based on the Surfactant/Ionic Liquid Complex Intercalated Reduced Graphene Oxide Composites

2018 Applied Sciences  
In this paper, ionic surfactants are employed to intercalate thermally-reduced graphene oxide (TRG). The ionic interaction between the intercalated surfactant and the ionic liquid could lead to the formation of large-sized ionic aggregates and, hence, enlarge the interlayer distance between the TRG sheets. The morphology and vibration modes of these composites were systematically characterized using XRD (X-ray diffraction), SAXS (small-angle X-ray scattering), and FTIR (Fourier transform
more » ... er transform infrared spectroscopy). An asymmetric supercapacitor, which consisted of a cationic surfactant-intercalated electrode on one side and an anionic surfactant-intercalated electrode on the other, was examined. It was found that, with the increased interlayer distance, the energy density and capacitance of the cells were improved. It seems that the cell with a cationic surfactant as the cathode had the best energy density of 67.8 Wh/kg, which is 4.4-fold higher than that of the TRG cell.
doi:10.3390/app8040484 fatcat:d7lcdzqs7vg2hfzhktme2oltku