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LVI.—The molecular complexity of acetic acid in chloroform solution

H. M. Dawson
1902 Journal of the Chemical Society Transactions  
TEE experimental results communicated in the previous paper show that the ratio of distribution of acetic acid between water and chloroform increases very considerably with increase of the dilution. It has been there suggested that this is due to the gradual splitting up of the double acetic acid molecules, which are supposed t o be present in solvents not containing the hydroxyl group, into simple molecules. With the object of testing this assumption, the equation of the dissociation isotherm
more » ... sociation isotherm has been applied to the acetic acid dissolved in the chloroform, the experimental data in the previous paper being utilised for the purpose of calculation. As will appear from what follows, the concentrations of acetic acid in chloroform which have been used correspond to a region of almost complete molecular transformation. As before, let c1 and c2 represent corresponding concentrations of acetic acid in water and in chloroform. If a is the degree of dissociation of the acid in the aqueous solution a t this concentration, then cl( 1a) VOL. LXXXI.
doi:10.1039/ct9028100521 fatcat:ece4w4elm5ftdlr3ypgfzzsbei