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Issue:2 Citation: Seema Charde et al. Ijppr

Seema Charde, Rekha Sharma, Development Centre, Rashtrasant Maharaj
2018 Human   unpublished
The present investigation was undertaken to assess the nutrient intake of pre and postmenopausal obese women of a metropolitan city. About 279 obese women, comprising of 141 pre-menopausal and 138 post-menopausal women of age group between 35-to 60 years, were selected from Gokuldham Medical Center, Goenka And Associates Medical And Research Centre, Goregaon, (East), and Mumbai through judgmental sampling. A structured questionnaire was formulated to assess the demographic profile and
more » ... ofile and anthropometric measurements. Twenty-four hour recall method was followed for diet survey. Results of the study showed that the mean age of premenopausal women was 41.18 ± 3.83 years and postmenopausal women was 54.72 ± 3.58 years. The mean monthly income of premenopausal and postmenopausal women was Rs 22.81 ± 0.60 lakhs and Rs 29.33 ± 0.62 lakhs respectively. The mean Body Mass Index of premenopausal women was 31.36 ± 4.15 kg/m 2 and of postmenopausal was 31.98 ± 3.90 kg/m 2. The percent adequacy of calories and proteins were 122 to 125% higher than the Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA) whereas the fat adequacy was about 300% above the RDA. The percent adequacy for vitamin, calcium and iron intake ranged between 59.8 % to 99.56 %. The macronutrient intake viz., carbohydrates (p= 0.929), protein (p= 0.323), fat intake (p= 0.652) of pre and postmenopausal women did not show any significant difference. Similarly, the Saturated fats (p = 0.549), MUFA (p = 0.265) and PUFA (p = 0.236) did not show any significant difference between the intake of pre and postmenopausal women. However, calcium, iron and vitamin C intake showed significantly higher intakes among the postmenopausal women (p=0.000).