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In this paper, we present a socio-political reading of the Zhuangzi based in part on a brief review of contemporary Chinese scholarship on the text. We will argue that the approach to dealing with authority in the Zhuangzi can be summarized by the phrase "externally transforming without transforming internally". When applied to situations where the individual engages with political or social authority, this idea commends the art of retaining a non-conforming and non-committed internal statedoi:10.3390/rel9120398 fatcat:6huqsrznobgkrlzbntxxihuf5a