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Specific initial (introductory) formulas in Albanian (decasyllabic) songs of the frontier warriors

Ana Sivacki
2013 Balcanica  
This paper primarily seeks to demonstrate the position and importance of specific initial (introductory) formulas in the Albanian songs of the frontier warriors (Alb. këngë kreshnikësh, këngë të kreshnikëve), proposing their classification into several categories. The analysis performed on the corpus consisting of 102 songs has resulted in a typology similar to the one in Detelić 1996. Such a classification serves as a starting point for further research and future mandatory study of structural
more » ... study of structural and other concordances between the corresponding formulas in South Slavic epic, which could be useful in shedding light on the issue of originality of the Albanian songs. Keywords: specific initial (introductory) formulas, formulaity, Albanian songs of the Frontier Warriors, classification, typology 1 Some of the recorded terms are also këngë (kângë/kâjkë/kâtkë) lahute/të moçme/trimash/ kershish/të Mujit e Halilit/agajsh të Jutbinës (Eng. lahuta/anchient/heroic/kreshnik songs/ songs of Muji and Halil/of agas of Udbina). However, we disagree with the term heroic songs due to the existence of a specific type of Albanian octosyllabic songs called këngë trimnije or, literally, heroic songs. 2 According to Stanišić 1995, kreshnik, Eng. "knight, hero", comes from the Serb. krajišnik via the transitional form крa �eшник.
doi:10.2298/balc1344113s fatcat:bkkpqohd4ne7re32uhoz4c6b3m