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Pancytopenia: The Study of Clinical Profile and Aetiology in Tertiary Care Centre

Mehrotra M.K
2016 Journal of Medical Science And clinical Research  
The term pancytopenia denotes simultaneous reduction in all the formed elements of blood i.e. Erythrocytes, leukocytes and platelets. Pancytopenia is not a disease entity but triad of finding that may arise from a number of disease processes. 1 Material and Methods: 48 patients who fulfilled the inclusion & exclusion criteria were taken in the study to access the clinical profile and etiology of pancytopenia. Results: Out of 48 patients, most common cause was megaloblastic (33.3%) followed by
more » ... 3.3%) followed by aplastic (16.7%) anemia & Kala azar (16.7%). Most common symptom was generalized weakness (70.8%) followed by losss of apetite (62.5%). Most common sign was pallor (100%) followed by hepatomegaly (31.2%). Conclusion: Pancytopenia can be caused by a number of reversible conditions like megaloblastic anemia, infections such as kala azar, dengue. So while evaluating the cases of pancytopenia, we should 1st rule out the reversible conditions as early as possible so that it help in early management which will reduce the morbidity and mortality in patient.
doi:10.18535/jmscr/v4i3.24 fatcat:h3grl5gc5bcarhlfveaa2itupa