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What factors may influence epidemiological situation of tuberculosis in Poland and in the world?

Ewa Rowińska-Zakrzewska, Maria Korzeniewska-Koseła, Ewa Augustynowicz-Kopeć, Monika Szturmowicz
2016 Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska  
The authors present the review of factors influencing epidemiological situation of tuberculosis in Poland and in the world. The groups of increased risk of tuberculosis, and clinical conditions predisposing to activation of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) such as HIV, uremia, diabetes mellitus, transplantation of organs, treatment with glucocorticosteroids and with antibodies to TNF and to its receptors, were presented. The higher prevalence and worse prognosis of tuberculosis in elderly
more » ... ulosis in elderly people was emphasised. The methods of LTBI recognition, according to recent recommendations, with special consideration to patients in immunosupression, were shown. Methods of treatment to prevent LTBI activation, according to WHO experts, were also presented. All data were discussed in relation to the actual epidemiological situation of tuberculosis in Poland.
doi:10.5603/piap.2016.0013 pmid:27238173 fatcat:hbnreivza5djbhvwyjtrpvctle