Terapia de reposição volêmica durante artroplastia de quadril usando hidroxietilamido (130/0,4) comparado com Ringer lactato diminui transfusão de sangue alogênico e infecção pós-operatória
Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
and objectives: Hydroxyethyl starch (HES) 130/0.4 is considered an effective plasma expander when compared to crystalloids. There is controversy around its superiority regarding hemodynamic optimization and about possible detrimental effects on coagulation. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of HES 130/0.4 to lactated Ringer solution during hip arthroplasty in adult patients under spinal anesthesia regarding intraoperative bleeding, hemodynamic parameters, coagulation profi le,
... lation profi le, transfusion requirements and clinical outcomes. Methods: In this randomized, controlled trial, 48 patients scheduled for hip arthroplasty with spinal anesthesia were randomized into two groups: 24 patients were allocated to receive a preload of 15 mL.kg -1 of HES 130/0.4 and 24 patients received a preload of 30 mL.kg -1 lactated Ringer solution before surgery. Hemodynamic measurements, hemoglobin concentrations, biochemical parameters and coagulation tests were evaluated in three periods during surgical procedure. Patients received medical follow-up during their hospital stay and up to postoperative 30 days. Primary outcome was the requirement of red blood cell transfusion between groups during hospital stay. Secondary outcome were hemodynamic parameters, length of hospital stay, mortality and occurrence of clinical postoperative complications. 28 A. Hamaji et al. Results: Red blood cell transfusion was required in 17% of patients in the HES group and in 46% in the Ringer group (p = .029). Postoperative infections were more frequently observed in the Ringer group (17%) compared to the HES group (0), p = .037. There were no signifi cant differences between groups in mortality, hospital length of stay and clinical complications other than infection. Conclusions: During hip arthroplasty, patients treated with hypervolemic hemodilution with hydroxyethyl starch 130/0.4 required less transfusion and presented lower infection rate compared to patients who received lactated Ringer.