Filters








1 Hit in 0.05 sec

Gautier H.A. Juynboll, Hadith and Hadith-related Technical Terminology: khabar in Western Studies and Early Islamic Literature [chapter]

2020 Islam at 250  
Introduction Gautier H.A. Juynboll was undoubtedly one of the leading scholars of hadith literature. His vast knowledge of this literary genre and his great interest in the way it emerged and developed in content and in its formal devices is somehow unique in contemporary scholarship. He was not the only one in the last thirty years to work on this topic, of course, but there is no doubt that only few other scholars can be compared with him in knowledge or approach. Harald Motzki is a case in
more » ... tzki is a case in point and their differing attitudes and even polemical confrontations still constitute a significant contribution to the study of hadith and in particular to the momentous question of the dating of hadith and other reports on the basis of their chains of transmitters (isnāds). In particular, Juynboll was not convinced by the results of the so-called isnād-cum-matn method used and promoted by Harald Motzki and others following more or less the same line of enquiry. The disagreement concerned method (the weight to be given to the isnād as a tool to date the matns and to judge their historicity) as well as substance, since it was clear that Juynboll did not feel at ease with datings as early as the ones proposed by Motzki, who emphatically pointed to the last quarter of the 1st century AH (ca. 700CE).1 1 Additional criticism on the usefulness of the isnād-cum-matn method has recently been voiced by Stephen Shoemaker, who pointed out that the proposed dating going back through this methodology to the last quarter of the first Islamic century is not so different from studies using different methods of comparison between hadith materials; see his "In Search of ʿUrwa's Sīra: Some Methodological Issues in the Quest for 'Authenticity' in the Life of Muḥammad," Der Islam 85 (2011): 257-344. Andreas Görke, Harald Motzki and Gregor Schoeler have replied to Shoemaker's criticism in their joint article "First Century Sources for the Life of Muḥammad? A Debate,"Der Islam 89 (2012): 2-59. Apart from this confrontation, isnād-cummatn is the method followed by other scholars aiming at the analysis and reconstruction of early Islamic traditions; see for instance the recent studies by Pavlovitch on the traditions on kalāla and the work of Elad on the rebellion of Muḥammad al-Nafs al-Zakiyya: Pavel
doi:10.1163/9789004427952_016 fatcat:sa4lj5vrv5c57meiulsld4ai7m