The Effect of Benson's Relaxation Technique on Anxiety, Depression and Sleep Quality of Elderly Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis
International journal of Nursing Didactics
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is the most important cause of morbidity and mortality among elderly. Hemodialysis is the most commonly applied method for treatment, and is accompanied by a high incidence of psychological problems such as anxiety, depression, and sleep disturbance, which are having a negative impact on one's life. Benson's relaxation technique (BRT) is an effective technique used to reduce stress, anxiety, depression, and enhance sleep quality in elderly patients undergoing
... s undergoing hemodialysis. Aim: determine the effect of Benson's relaxation technique on anxiety, depression, and sleep quality among elderly patients undergoing hemodialysis. Design: Quasi-experimental, pre and post intervention design was used. Setting: The study was carried out in the hemodialysis unit affiliated to Mansoura University Hospital, Mansoura, Egypt. Subjects: A purposive convenience sample of 92 elderly patients scheduled for maintenance hemodialysis. Tools: Five tools were used: interview schedule-mini-mental state examination (MMSE) -study subject's relaxation technique knowledge-hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS) and Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI). Results: The age of the studied subjects ranged from 60 to 92 years with mean ± SD = 66.256± 6.78 years, 70.9% are males, all mean total scores of hospital anxiety scale, depression scale, and Pittsburgh sleep quality index for elderly patients improved significantly after applying Benson's relaxation technique. Conclusion: Benson's relaxation technique (BRT) is an effective technique to reduces level of anxiety, depression, and improve sleep quality in elderly patients undergoing hemodialysis. Recommendation: Hospitals are recommended to use the Benson's relaxation technique for the management of anxiety, depression and sleep disturbance associated with hemodialysis for elderly patients.