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Effects of kination and scalar-tensor cosmologies on sterile neutrinos

Thomas Rehagen, Graciela B. Gelmini
2014 Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics  
We study the effects of kination and scalar-tensor pre-Big Bang Nucleosynthesis cosmologies on the non-resonant production of sterile neutrinos. We show that if the peak of the production rate of sterile neutrinos occurs during the non-standard cosmological phase, the relic number density of sterile neutrinos could be reduced with respect to the number expected in the standard cosmology. Consequently, current bounds on active-sterile neutrino mixing derived from the relic energy density of
more » ... rgy density of sterile neutrinos could be greatly relaxed. In particular, we show that the sterile neutrinos which could explain the anomalies found in short-baseline neutrino experiments are compatible with recent joint Planck upper limits on their contribution to the energy density of the Universe in a scalar-tensor or a low-reheating temperature pre-Big Bang Nucleosynthesis cosmology.
doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2014/06/044 fatcat:yd7pi5sovvdzlldz2y57us2nrq