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Effects of Glyphosate-Based and Derived Products on Sea Urchin Larval Development

Davide Asnicar, Costanza Cappelli, Ahmad Safuan Sallehuddin, Nur Atiqah Maznan, Maria Gabriella Marin
2020 Journal of Marine Science and Engineering  
Despite the widespread use of herbicide glyphosate in cultivation, its extensive runoff into rivers and to coastal areas, and the persistence of this chemical and its main degradation product (aminomethylphosphonic acid, AMPA) in the environment, there is still little information on the potential negative effects of glyphosate, its commercial formulation Roundup® and AMPA on marine species. This study was conducted with the aim of providing a comparative evaluation of the effects of
more » ... ects of glyphosate-based and its derived chemicals on the larval development of the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus, thus providing new data to describe the potential ecotoxicity of these contaminants. In particular, the effects on larval development, growth and metabolism were assessed during 48 h of exposure from the time of egg fertilization. The results confirm that AMPA and its parent compound, glyphosate have similar toxicity, as observed in other marine invertebrates. However, interestingly, the Roundup® formulation seemed to be less toxic than the glyphosate alone.
doi:10.3390/jmse8090661 fatcat:koual3th4rhmthduptyp3hyxr4