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Epidemiological profile of pedestrian-motor vehicle trauma in the metropolitan area of Guadalajara

Guadalupe ez, Berenice Melendres, Julio n, Ana a, Alfredo Rosa, Carlos Pivaral
2019 International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health  
Introduction Traffic events are one of the five leading causes of mortality in Mexico. Pedestrians are one of the main road users involved in such incidents and have the highest mortality rate, which is regularly analysed in relation to vehicles and pedestrians, but not the built environment. The purpose of this study was to analyse the elements of the road system organisation that influences the mortality rate of pedestrians hit by motor vehicles in the Guadalajara Metropolitan Area. Method We
more » ... tan Area. Method We designed a case and control study in which the cases were sites where a pedestrian died during 2012. The controls were sites close to where the death occurred, as well as those with road infrastructure characteristics similar to those where the events took place. We obtained the pedestrian data from the death certificates and assessed some of the environmental elements of the road sites. A logistic regression analysis was used to estimate OR; 95% CI. results Road system factors related with pedestrian mortality in close locations were: the presence of bus stops on intersections in one street or both, and road system features, such as the presence of traffic islands, vehicle flow and pedestrian flow. Conclusions According to the urban network theory and multiple theory, the final elements resulted as risk factors due to a fault in connectivity between the nodes. A temporal analysis of urban features will help urban planners make decisions regarding the safety of pedestrians and other road users. bACkground
doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.1234128012019 fatcat:m27p3fntnjgnnbadftq3mr4gve