Exogenous Administration of Low-Dose Lipopolysaccharide Potentiates Liver Fibrosis in a Choline-Deficient l-Amino-Acid-Defined Diet-Induced Murine Steatohepatitis Model
International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Various rodent models have been proposed for basic research; however, the pathogenesis of human nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is difficult to closely mimic. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) has been reported to play a pivotal role in fibrosis development during NASH progression via activation of toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) signaling. This study aimed to clarify the impact of low-dose LPS challenge on NASH pathological progression and to establish a novel murine NASH model. C57BL/6J mice were fed
... L/6J mice were fed a choline-deficient l-amino-acid-defined (CDAA) diet to induce NASH, and low-dose LPS (0.5 mg/kg) was intraperitoneally injected thrice a week. CDAA-fed mice showed hepatic CD14 overexpression, and low-dose LPS challenge enhanced TLR4/NF-κB signaling activation in the liver of CDAA-fed mice. LPS challenge potentiated CDAA-diet-mediated insulin resistance, hepatic steatosis with upregulated lipogenic genes, and F4/80-positive macrophage infiltration with increased proinflammatory cytokines. It is noteworthy that LPS administration extensively boosted pericellular fibrosis with the activation of hepatic stellate cells in CDAA-fed mice. Exogenous LPS administration exacerbated pericellular fibrosis in CDAA-mediated steatohepatitis in mice. These findings suggest a key role for LPS/TLR4 signaling in NASH progression, and the authors therefore propose this as a suitable model to mimic human NASH.