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Small-Scale variability of physical properties and structural characteristics of Antarctic fast ice

A.L. Veazey, M.O. Jeffries, K. Morris
1994 Annals of Glaciology  
The small-scale variability of physical properties and structural characteristics of multiple pairs of fast-ice cores obtained during the austral summer of 1991-92 at two Antarctic sites, McMurdo Sound (MCM) and Pine Island Bay (PIB), are examined and discussed with respect to the growth and decay of the sea ice. The ice at the MCM site was thicker than that at the PIB site and was covered by a somewhat thinner snowpack. While mean salinity and temperature of the ice at the two sites were
more » ... wo sites were similar, small-scale variations in both salinity and temperature were greater at PIB than at MCM. The ice sheet at MCM was a two-layer medium consisting of congelation ice overlying platelet ice. The ice from the PIB site, however, was composed of mainly frazil ice and layers of congelation ice with occasional thin layers of snow-ice at the surface of the cores. Crystal sub-structure measurements, c-axis orientation and brine-layer spacing from the MCM cores revealed that the congelation ice had moderately aligned, horizontally oriented c axes, suggesting that east-west currents off the southwest tip of Hut Point Peninsula control crystal-growth orientation.d others: Variability of physical and structural characteristics of Antarctic fast ice
doi:10.1017/s0260305500016244 fatcat:ralhj6mejnhi3n2wpfqbf3qsia