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O LOBBY COMO PARTE DO PROCESSO DE SECURITIZAÇÃO: O LOBBY DA BLACKWATER NA GUERRA DO IRAQUE (2008)

ANA CLARA LUQUETT PEREIRA FERREIRA
2020 CADERNOS DE RELAÇÕES INTERNACIONAIS  
Since the lates 1990, the Private Military and Security Companies have become importante actors in the armed coflicts, offering diferentes types of military and security services to other actors of the Interntional System. Thus, this article develops from the question of how a PMSC get involved in the securitization process so that a theme can be treated in an emergency using their services. The hypothesis is that the lobbying of these companies will act as a securitizing actor. From this, the
more » ... or. From this, the objective of the research is to analyze the lobbying activity of Private Military and Security Companies and for this purpose a case study will be conducted on Blackwater's lobby during its role in the Iraq War in 2008. These dynamics will be analyzed from the perspective of the securitization theory proposed by the Copenhagen School. To achieve this goal, a literature review will be conducted to address concepts such as Private Military and Security Companies and lobbying and to present the context of the case study. In addition, an analysis will be made of primary sources, such as reports from the US government regarding lobbying in order to understand the speeches presented. From the development of the work, it was found that lobbying is one of the ways to assist a PBMC to interfere with security discourse, due to its nature of influencing the decision making process. Introdução As Companhias Militares e de Segurança Privada têm seu boom na década de 1990, que é marcada, principalmente, pelo fim da Guerra Fria, pela intensificação do processo de globalização e também pelo pensamento neoliberal. Esse contexto, somado às mudanças que ocorreram nos estudos das Relações Internacionais a partir da década de 70 e também na década de 80 (Oliveira, 2009) propicia uma nova agenda de segurança. Assim, se desenvolve uma nova dinâmica de conflitos marcada por uma contestação a demarcações existentes anteriormente, como por exemplo, o público e o privado (Paoliello, 2016) . Ainda pode-se dizer que as mudanças
doi:10.17771/pucrio.cadri.48098 fatcat:amh6be6f4bey7j3pzux2swvizm