INVESTIGATING OF ENVIRONMENTAL AND HUMANISTIC ELEMENTS OF SUSTAINABLE ECOTOURISM IN THE STAIR-SHAPED ARCHITECTURE OF MIDDLE ZAGROS (CASE STUDY: HAJIIJ VILLAGE)
The Turkish Online Journal of Design Art and Communication
ABSTRATCT Zagros Mountains located in the west of Iran. In this region, nature, climate and environment is distinguished than other parts of the country. What has caused this difference certainly is Zagros Mountain. Special architecture of the dwellings and formation of many villages of this region have been affected by them. Zagros region tourism potentials and attractions have been considered by internal and external tourists in recent decade. Environmental and natural elements like: river,
... ents like: river, waterfall, forest, wildlife natural species and ecosystem and man-made elements like stair shaped houses, compatible with climate architecture and harmonization between construction and context have great effects on eco-tourists gathering. Researchers in this article scrutinize ecotourism features in a village (located in the heart of the Hawraman, in the middle Zagros) called Hajiij as a valuable texture village. Then the impacts of tourist on human and environmental components of the village and present threats and challenges have been studied. Beside field researches, questionnaire and interview with residents and officials as two statistical samples are applied in the research. After analyzing gathered data, research findings have been presented quantitatively. Finally strategies to face threats and weaknesses of village ecotourism have been presented. Applying them in a long term will have sustainable effects like reducing poverty, protecting native values and culture, economic development and reducing migration.