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Marylebone: Tyburn: Holborn

R. E. Zachrisson
1917 Modern Language Review  
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more » ... HE name of the church and parish of St Marylebone (at the present time a rich residential quarter in London) has been the subject of much speculation. It has been suggested that St Marylebone was a 'corruption' of St Mary-la-Bonne, i.e. 'the church of Our Good Lady,' and that this name was subsequently transferred to the manor and the parish. In order to ascertain whether this hypothesis is correct or not, it is necessary to consult the evidence of the early forms. For this reason I have gone through a great number of mediseval records from which I collected material for an article on The French Definite Article in English Place-Names (Anglia, xxxiv, pp. 308-353), where I had occasion to deal-though more incidentally-with the origin of Marylebone. As this name is not mentioned in the records until the 15th century, I have had to supplement my material from sources of a more recent date. The principal of these are the following: Calendarium inquisitionum post mortem sive escaetarum, Henry III-Richard III (1806-) (=Inq. Post Mortem). A Calendar of the feet of fines for London and Middlesex, Richard I-12 Elizabeth, ed. W. J. Hardy and William Page, 1892-93 (=Feet of Fines). Calendars of State Papers. Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII (19 vols.) (1862-(=Papers Foreign and Domestic). Domestic Series 1547-1673, 1689--92 (66 vols.) (1856-) (=State Papers, Domestic Series). In the vols. 1547-1673 only the modern forms of the place-names are noted. I have therefore only given references to a few entries (most of them referring to 'Marybone Park') in which the early spelling has been kept. The modern form Marylebone does not seem to occur in any original documents of the 17th century.
doi:10.2307/3714121 fatcat:6q6wrie2svatrkewe7d54k4mim