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Prediction of Bridge Component Ratings Using Ordinal Logistic Regression Model

Pan Lu, Hao Wang, Denver Tolliver
2019 Mathematical Problems in Engineering  
Prediction of bridge component condition is fundamental for well-informed decisions regarding the maintenance, repair, and rehabilitation (MRR) of highway bridges. The National Bridge Inventory (NBI) condition rating is a major source of bridge condition data in the United States. In this study, a type of generalized linear model (GLM), the ordinal logistic statistical model, is presented and compared with the traditional regression model. The proposed model is evaluated in terms of reliability
more » ... erms of reliability (the ability of a model to accurately predict bridge component ratings or the agreement between predictions and actual observations) and model fitness. Five criteria were used for evaluation and comparison: prediction error, bias, accuracy, out-of-range forecasts, Akaike's Information Criteria (AIC), and log likelihood (LL). In this study, an external validation procedure was developed to quantitatively compare the forecasting power of the models for highway bridge component deterioration. The GLM method described in this study allows modeling ordinal and categorical dependent variable and shows slightly but significantly better model fitness and prediction performance than traditional regression model.
doi:10.1155/2019/9797584 fatcat:t6zftcihpbfete4wjfgy67xl2a