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The quality of life of chronic kidney disease patients with hypertension treated with angiotensin system-related agents

Mohammed Salim KT, Saravanakumar RT, Dilip C, Amrutha KP
2020 International Journal of Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences  
The chronic kidney disease (CKD) co-exist with hypertension in approximately 80 to 85 per cent of patients. The CKD stages can be defined by glomerular filtration rate (GFR), and the deterioration of kidney function or reduction in GFR has observed in those with uncontrolled blood pressure (BP). We had conducted a prospective study to analyse the impact of the angiotensin system-related agents on the quality of life of CKD patients with hypertension. The SF-36 questionnaire, direct patients
more » ... direct patients interview and medical records were the sources for retrieval of information. We observed that male patients were more prone to CKD than female. Hypertension was the primary (77.8%) aetiology behind the incidence of CKD. The angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) was responsible for very low (58%) and low (44%) health disabilities to the patients. In contrast, the angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB) even though it has a limited adverse effect, the patients complained of medium (9%) and high disabilities than the ACEIs. The discontinuation of the antihypertensive drugs by the CKD patients was almost negligible (3.4%). The study concludes that a balanced diet and reasonable blood pressure control is essential to prevent the progression of CKD and to improve the quality of life.
doi:10.26452/ijrps.v11i4.3573 fatcat:l35lwfmps5h3jdv7q2dqv5gejq