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Diagnosis of secondary caries in esthetic restorations: influence of the incidence vertical angle of the X-ray beam

Patrícia Lima Moreira, Michel Reis Messora, Stela Márcia Pereira, Solange Maria de Almeida, Adriana Dibo da Cruz
2011 Brazilian Dental Journal  
The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy on the diagnosis of secondary caries-like lesions simulated on esthetic restorations of different materials, changing the incidence vertical angle (IVA) of the x-ray beam. Twenty human teeth received MOD inlay preparations. In the experimental group (n=10), a round cavity was made in the floor of the proximal box to simulate the caries-like lesion. All teeth were restored with 3 composite resins (Charisma, Filtek-Z250 and TPH-Spectrum) at 3
more » ... -Spectrum) at 3 moments. Two radiographic images were acquired with 0º and 10º IVA. Ten observers evaluated the images using a 5-point confidence scale. Intra- and interobserver reliability was analyzed with the Interclass Correlation Coefficient and the diagnostic accuracy was evaluated using the area under the ROC curve (Az), Friedman test and Wilcoxon test (α=0.05). Higher accuracy values were obtained with 10º IVA (Az=0.66, Filtek-Z250>Az=0.56, TPH-Spectrum) compared to 0º (Az=0.55, Charisma>Az=0.37, TPH-Spectrum), though without statistically significant difference (p>0.05). The detection of secondary caries-like lesions simulated on esthetic restorations of different materials suffered no negative influence by changing the IVA of the x-ray beam.
doi:10.1590/s0103-64402011000200007 pmid:21537586 fatcat:xna5ihnnyzhf3dyg742yyrhy5u