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Experimental and Computational Study of Archery Arrows Fletched with Straight Vanes

Julio Ortiz, Atsushi Serino, Toshinari Hasegawa, Takahito Onoguchi, Hiroki Maemukai, Takeshi Miyazaki, Hiroki Sugiura
2020 Proceedings (MDPI)  
The aerodynamic characteristics of archery arrows fletched with two types of straight vanes, for which the area is different, were studied. The arrows' pitching moment (CM), lift (CL) and drag (CD) coefficients were measured in the 60 × 60 cm Magnetic Suspension and Balance System (MSBS) from JAXA. At a Reynolds number of Re = 1.2 × 104, the values of CD were 1.56 and 2.05 for the short and large vanes, respectively. In a second experimental procedure, the arrows' deceleration in free flight
more » ... n in free flight was measured by inserting an acceleration sensor inside their shafts. For shots with an initial velocity of around 56.4 ms−1, a velocity decay of around 8% was measured. A turbulent–laminar boundary layer transition during free flight was found for shots with an average Re = 1.8 × 104. Lastly, through numerical computations, the area difference of the two vanes was analyzed to verify the importance of CM and CL during the arrows' flights.
doi:10.3390/proceedings2020049056 fatcat:sl4gya7ldnfitklus4pezkpbie