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Thermal Cracking to Improve the Qualification of the Waxes

B He, F A Agblevor, C G Chen, J Feng
2018 IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environment  
Thermal cracking of waxes at mild conditions (430-500°C) has been reconsidered as a possible refining technology for the production of fuels and chemicals. In this study, the more moderate thermal cracking was investigated to process Uinta Basin soft waxes to achieve the required pour point so that they can be pumped to the refineries. The best thermal cracking conditions were set 420℃ and 20 minutes. The viscosity and density of the final liquid product were respectively achieved as 2.63 mP•s
more » ... ieved as 2.63 mP•s and 0.784 g/cm 3 at 40℃. The result of FT-IR analysis of the liquid product indicated that the unsaturated hydrocarbons were produced after thermal cracking, which was corroborated by the 13 C NMR spectrum. The GC analysis of the final gas product indicated that the hydrogen was produced; the dehydrogenation reaction was also proved by the elemental analysis and HHV results. The pour point of the final liquid product met the requirement.
doi:10.1088/1755-1315/150/1/012018 fatcat:3u223sm2p5awli2drsbmvfbjju