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A Spatial-Temporal Correlation Approach for Data Reduction in Cluster-Based Sensor Networks

Gaby Bou Tayeh, Abdallah Makhoul, Charith Perera, Jacques Demerjian
2019 IEEE Access  
In a resource-constrained Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs), the optimization of the sampling and the transmission rates of each individual node is a crucial issue. A high volume of redundant data transmitted through the network will result in collisions, data loss, and energy dissipation. This paper proposes a novel data reduction scheme that exploits the spatial-temporal correlation among sensor data in order to determine the optimal sampling strategy for the deployed sensor nodes. This
more » ... nodes. This strategy reduces the overall sampling/transmission rates while preserving the quality of the data. Moreover, a back-end reconstruction algorithm is deployed on the workstation (Sink). This algorithm can reproduce the data that have not been sampled by finding the spatial and temporal correlation among the reported data set, and filling the "non-sampled" parts with predictions. We have used real sensor data of a network that was deployed at the Grand-St-Bernard pass located between Switzerland and Italy. We tested our approach using the previously mentioned data-set and compared it to a recent adaptive sampling based data reduction approach. The obtained results show that our proposed method consumes up to 60% less energy and can handle nonstationary data more effectively. INDEX TERMS Wireless sensor networks, data reconstruction, spatial-temporal correlation, data reduction.
doi:10.1109/access.2019.2910886 fatcat:exwag43tjvebpff7ti5rtgclze