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Hirayama Disease-Dynamic Cervical Compressive Myelopathy: An Indian Perspective

S Syed Ali, P Dhivya, M Balamurugan, J.K.B.C. Parthiban
2014 The Journal of Spinal Surgery  
The incidence of oral cancer worldwide is around 500,000 new cases every year, accounting for approximately 3% of all malignancies, thus creating a significant worldwide health problem. The annual incidence and mortality rates vary bet ween different races, genders and age groups. Screen ing and an early detection are believed to decrease both the mor bidity and mortality which are associated with oral squa mous cell carcinoma, because unlike many anatomic sites, in the oral cavity,
more » ... cavity, premalignant lesions are often visible on clini cal exa mination. A variety of new and emerging diagnostic aids and adjunc tive techniques are currently available to potentially assist in the screening of healthy asymptomatic patients for the detection of otherwise occult oral cancerous lesions or potentially malignant disorder. This paper reviews the advances in the diagnostic techniques for detecting lesions early and predicting their progression or recurrence.
doi:10.5005/jp-journals-10039-1027 fatcat:a53ejtlw7jcgbpe4lgjk2tfh2e